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Roggeveen's Hand Colored Chart of Cape Cod and the Islands, 1675
Pascaert van Nieu Nederland Van Hendrick Christiaens Eyland tot Staten hoeck of Cabo Cod, by Arent Roggeveen, published in circa 1675, an extremely rare first edition chart printed on paper with original, period hand coloring, showing Cape Cod, Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket, with coastal detail, depth soundings and presence of shoals. The chart is from Roggeveen’s rare sea pilot Het Brandende Veen, containing the first detailed charts of the North American and Caribbean coastlines, and thus the first detailed chart of Nantucket Island. This is an extremely rare and important chart, in remarkably fine condition with fine original hand coloring in strong, unfaded condition. This chart was purchased some years ago from the Old Print Shop in New York, and is in fact the finest example of this chart ever on the market; the only known example that compares is in the permanent collection of the maritime museum in Amsterdam, one which perhaps equals but does not surpass this one.
16 ¼ H x 20 1/8 W plus margins
Roggeveen was born in Delshaven, and in 1658 settled in Middleburg, the seat of both the Dutch East and West India Companies. He taught the art of navigation for both companies, and helped maintain their collections of hydrographic manuscripts and charts. Roggeveen in the mid-1660s began to compile a series of large-scale charts of the North American and Caribbean coastlines (and later West Africa). Many of his charts are Based Upon the earlier large-scale work of Hessel Gerritsz and Joan Vingboons, (cartographers for the Dutch East and West India Companies), but Roggeveen's work was the first to show the whole coastline of North America and the Caribbean. He called this pilot 'Het Brandende Veen' or 'The Burning Fen'; a pun on his name, as 'veen' means 'fen', and a heap of burning fen represents a fire on the coast to guide or warn ships. The first edition of the atlas was published in 1675 by Pieter Goos. A second edition was not published until 1680, delayed by the deaths of both Goos and Roggeveen. The plates were acquired by the chart dealer Jacobus Robijn, who re-published the second edition in 1689, and a third edition in 1698.